Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

We are the exports and having rich experience in dealing with repeated pregnancy loss patients. Even after loss of six to seven pregnancies in the past, many patients went home happily with live, healthy and term babies from our hospital.

A pregnant woman losing her baby at any stage is very stressful situation to her and family. If there is three or more pregnancy loss in a row, we call it as bad obstetric history. But in modern days we cannot wait till loss of 3 pregnancies.

We need to investigate and treat early. In modern days age at marriage and planning for baby or delayed when compare to olden days. In view of advanced age we need to address the problem even with one pregnancy loss.

Pregnancy loss ( BOH ). Can be divided in to three groups.

  • 1st Trimester abortions ( First three of pregnancy )
  • 2ND Trimester abortions ( 4TH to 6th month of pregnancy )
  • 3rd Trimester abortions ( 7th month to term delivery )

Depending upon the period of gestation, reasons and treatment defers

1st Trimester pregnancy loss

Reasons Investigation Treatment
– Corpus Lutetium
– Deficiency
– Protein
A. Soon after missing period(5 to 7 days) serum estrodiol, projesterol
B. Trasvaginal scan to confirm intrauterine pregnancy
If estrogen or progesterone are low, supplement with hormones till 8to 10 weeks of pregnancy
Border line diabetes – Glucose tolerance test (GTT)
– Serum fasting and post lunch insulin
– HbA1c
– Diet control
– Oral anti diabetics
– Exercise
SUB CLINICAL INFECTIONS CBP, ESR, CRP, CUE, Urine for C/S – Pre and probiotics
– If necessary antibiotics
Cromosomal abnormalities – Chromosomal analysis to both parents and fetus
– Chorion villie sample biopsy
– Amniocentesis
– PGD/PGS
– Most of the time parents chromosomal analysis comes normal but the resultant fetus could be abnormal
– IVF/ICSI- after this procedure PGD/PGS has to be done to detect abnormal embryos.
– Egg/Sperm donation
– Embryo donation
– Adoption
APL Syndrom(Anti phospholipid syndrome) 1.Anti- phospholipid antibodies
2.Anti cardio lipin antibodies
3.Lupus anti coagulant
– Heparin injections through out pregnancy
– Aspirin
– Prednesolone
AUTO IMMUNE PROBLEMS ANA /TPO/ ATA – Intravenous Immunoglobulins
– Intravenous lipits
Viral infections(TORCH) Torch blood test for TORCH Anti viral treatment
Hypo/hyper thyroidism Serum FT3,FT4,TSH Control thyroid
– COAGULATION DEFECTS
– Imbalance between bleeding and coagulation
– Factors may result into abortions
Thrombophilia pannel Correct the defect
MATERNAL MEDICAL HEALTH PROBLEMS -EX: blood pressure, depression, heart/kidney/ liver/lung problems Control all the medical issues in the expectant mother

Table2: Trimester pregnancy loss

Reasons Investigation Treatment
– Uterine anomalies
– Uni cornuate/ bi cornuate uterus
– Septate utrus
– Hystosal pyngogram
– Sono pyngogram
– Laparoscopy/hysteroscopy
Surgical correction of the birth defects of uterus
INCOMPETENT CERVIX Passing 8 No HEGAR DILATOR easily through cervix without anesthesia – Encirclauge at 13 weeks pregnancy
– Abdominal circlauge in non pregnant women, in cases of severe cervical incompetence.
FIBROID UTERUS:(LIOMYOMA) – Color Doppler ultra somography
– MRI
– Medical treatment
– GnRha Injections
– Fibristol tablets till the size of the fibroid
– Becomes small
SURGICAL TREATMENT –  Blood group to both parents

– Indirect coombs test

– Repeated blood transfusion
– SURROGACY
Placental Problems/Chorioamnionitis –  Color Doppler ultrasound scanning – Antibiotics to correct Chorioamnionitis
Emergency Call

In case of urgent, feel free to ask questions.