Conventional medical, surgical and assisted reproductive procedures (eg. IVF) will help infertile couples to achieve pregnancy. There are, however few cases where the conventional options cannot be used. In order to achieve pregnancy, some couples solicit the assistance of a third party to provide sperm, egg or alternatively to carry a child for them. (surrogate parenting)
Surrogacy – for Whom ?
· Women without uterus - born without uterus
· Surgical removal of uterus (hysterectomy)
· Women with some uterine disease (adenomysis, multiple fibroids, endometrial damage)
· Women with chronic ill health (uncontrolled diabetes and hypertension, heart diseases, seizure disorders, physical disability etc)
For above women – a “third party reproduction is the only option”. There are two categories of surrogate parenting.
Classical Surrogacy :
In this form of surrogacy, the surrogate is inseminated with the male partner's sperm.